Unit 1 Festivals around the world
Section Ⅱ Warming Up & Reading－Language Points
1．Awarded (award) the first prize in the competition, he felt happy and satisfied.
2．In order to go to the palace ball, the pretty girl is dressing herself up carefully.
3．I think it's impolite to play a trick on others just for fun.
4．The Spring Festival is coming. I'm looking forward to returning (return) home.
5．If the task is difficult to_finish (finish) on time, you need to ask for help.
6．Either the workers or the boss usually likes (like) eating in this restaurant for lunch.
7．The top of the mountain, covered (cover) with snow, lootiful in the distance.
8．The free expressive movements of modern dance were clearly influenced by the beauty (beautiful) of nature.
9．Every year people all over the country hold different celebrations (celebrate) to honour the great day.
10．On his arrival (arrive) in Beijing, Mr. Brown called Lucy and requested her to see him.
Sweetest Day is celebrated on the third Saturday in October as a day to make someone happy. It is an occasion which offers all of us an opportunity to remember not only the sick, the aged, and children who have lost their parents, but also friends, workmates, relatives and neighbors whose helpfulness and kindness we have enjoyed.
Over 60 years ago, when a Cleveland man noticed that some people, such as children who lost their parents and patients who lay in bed, too often felt forgotten and neglected(忽视), he developed in his mind the idea of showing them that they were remembered. He did this by giving them small gifts. With the help of his friends and neighbors, he gave those people small gifts on a Saturday in October. During the years that followed, other Clevelanders began to take part in the celebration, which came to be called “Sweetest Day”. Over time, the Sweetest Day idea of spreading cheer to the poor, the sick and children who had lost their parents was broadened to include everyone, and became an occasion for remembering others with a kind act or a small gift. Soon the idea spreaded to other cities all over the USA.
Sweetest Day is not based on any single group'sreligious beliefs or on a family relationship. It is a reminder that a thoughtful word or deed enriches life and gives it meaning.
Because for many people remembering takes the form of gift giving, Sweetest Day Unit 2 Healthy eating
Section Ⅳ Grammar—情态动词(Ⅱ)
1．She is really angry. You oughtn't_to (couldn't/oughtn't to) have spoken to her in such an unfriendly way just now.
2．—Shall I tell my friend Tom about it?
—No, you needn't (mustn't/needn't)．I've already told him yesterday.
3．You're John's good friend, so you must (must/have to) know what he likes to do at the weekend.
4．My mother's birthday is coming. What shall (shall/may) I buy for her?
5．When I was at university, I would(would/will) go to the bookstore on weekends.
6．Mr. Zhang couldn't (couldn't/shouldn't) have gone to America, for I saw him just now.
7．She is a shy girl, so she might (might/should) be a little nervous in such a serious situation.
8．We needn't (could't/needn't) have hurried; you see, everything is ready and there is much time left.
The population of the United States grows larger every year. The state that has been growing the fastest is Nevada. The city that has been receiving the most new residents (居民) is Las Vegas, which lies in the desert in Southern Nevada.
Why are so many people moving to Las Vegas? First, it is easy to find a job. Tourism is the number one industry in Las Vegas, so there are many service jobs. Workers are building thousands of new homes, buildings, and schools. The children need teachers. People need to shop for food, clothing, and cars, so the stores are looking for clerks (职员). About one third of the new residents are from California, where it is more difficult to find a job. Second, Nevada has no income tax (所得税). Most states have an income tax of 2%, 4%, 5% or more. Third, many people like the weather. Even though it's very hot in the summer, the other seasons are beautiful. There are over 250 days of sunshine each year. Finally, housing is still affordable, with the price of a new home at about $139,500. People moving from California find that this is reasonable in comparison to homes in their state.
Las Vegas is also the wedding capital of the United States. It is easier to get married in Las Vegas than in any other city in the United States. You don't need a blood test. You don't need to wait for a week for a marriage license. It's possible to get married the same day you apply for (申请) a marriage license.
Las Vegas also has problems. Because it sits in the desert, there is not enough water. Even though water is expensive, residents have not been careful in conserving water. Next, Las Vegas has serious air pollution problems. Las Vegas is surrounded (环绕) by high mountains, some as high as 10,000 feet. These mountains hold in the pollution from the cars. At times, there are warnings not to exercise outdoors. Finally, as the city becomes larger, people are traveling farther to work and the average commute (通勤) time has been increasing.
1．Why does Las Vegas receive the most new residents?
A．It is easy to own a house there.
B．Its industry is highly developed.
C．It has low income tax.
Unit 3 The Million Pound Bank Note
Section Ⅲ Learning about Language & Using Language
1．I saw a man in rags walking about in the street.
2．I enjoy swimming. But as for my sister, she enjoys playing tennis.
3．It is well-known that the Atlantic Ocean is only half as big as the Pacific Ocean.
4．I can't imagine the boy speaking so rudely (rude) to you.
5．It is time that the local companies sought (seek) for business opportunities in Europe.
6．He's a good teacher because he always has enough patience (patient) with every student.
7．This is the most unbelievable (believe) thing I have ever seen, which is beyond my imagination.
8．Good manners (manner) are a very important key to your social success.
9．Large amounts of money were_spent (spend) rebuilding the temple.
10．I'm sorry, but the seats are_reserved (reserve) for the old.
What's the most important thing in a piece of writing? Is it the story, the characters, the description, or the style? Obviously, you can't choose only one. A great worcceeds in combining all of them in a great mix (结合), producing a wonderful work.
In most cases, you're better at one writing element over the rest, and working on your strengths will worr advantage. Building characters, however, is important to your writing. It's not to be ignored no matter what your case is. So, how do you achieve that?
Make Them Real
This is probably one of the most common pieces of writing advice: mar characters believable. What does it really mean? It means that your characters need to be there for a reason, not just for pushing the story forward. He/ She has a real life, with his/her own fears and dreams, and you have to show this. Your characters don't need to be typical (典型的) to be believable. The unusual ones are even more interesting, but it's your job to mar readers relate to them.
Understand Human Psychology (心理特征)
To build great characters, you'll need to understand people's psychology: what are they thinking about, what are they feeling and experiencing, and why are they doing what they are doing? Get behind the obvious. Be in the backstage with them. Sit them in a chair and let them talk away. If you truly listen, you will learn.
Be Your Character
When you immerse (使沉浸) yourself in your writing, you get lost in that world and you start living in it. This is when the magic happens and you become your character. By putting yourself in your character's shoes, you allow yourself to experience what you're writing about first-hand. The more it feels real to you, the more the readers will feel the same, too.
1．According to the author, what makes a great work?
A．Being sl at description.
B．Having some unusual characters.